Fire safety pathway on Lattari Mountains Area

The area of interest belongs to the complex of carbonate massifs of Lattari Mountains; they are the western extension of the mountains Picentini on the Campanian Apennines.
The proximity of the mountains to eruptive centers of the Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvius area has, further, conditioned the morphology.
This natural structure promotes, especially in concomitance of intense meteorological events, the triggering of landslides. In summer, the area is rather affected by big or small forest fires, depending on the preparation and readiness of the rescue.
The area of Lattari Mountains includes 27 municipalities, a Regional reserve of 16.000 ares of high naturlaist value and a association of mountain municipalities. On the north-West side, the most wooded and high slopes of the area, there are 10 municipalities which totally of include 100.000 inhabitants and a strong turistic flow regarding the whole Sorrento peninsula.
The area has an index of fire risk ranging from high to very high. For this reason it is necessary to think about more structural prevention measures, such as firebreaks pathways.
Prevention of forest fires is part of the plans of the Campania Region. It emphasizes the importance of a firebreak structure everywhere the index of fire risk is high or very high, as well as emphasizes the importance of controlling the crisis points to the 'trigger fires and subsequent possible casting phenomenas.

Objectives of the Campus
The CAMPUS main objective was to verify, in order to mitigate the risks of fires, the feasibility of firebreak pathways and to draft proposals for their creation and maintenance. It would have been, for local authorities, a starting point to organize an innovative management of the policies for the fire risks preventions.

During the activities, due to some not prevented organizational difficulties, we decided to work on the link between the fire forest risks and the hidrogeological risks, in order to define the critical points in the area and create an alarm system, useful for the authorities involved in the civil protection, both for the fire forest emergences and the hydrogeological one and, at the same time provide structural solutions for mitigation of risks.

The Results
As campus results, it has been possible to create a maping of the most critical points related to fire forest and hydrogeological risks of a specific defined area on the Lattari Mountains.
Volunteers worked under the scientific supervision of Amesci and with the technical support of the civil protection’s association ROSS. They realised inspections on the territory in order to individuate the most critical points and evaluate which are the emergencies. Finally they were asked to represent all the evaluations done on a G.I.S. format, to be updated acoording to the future remarkable events.
After that volunteers cooperated to create a form for the census of the individated critical points , distinguishing between landslide and fire risks. They added descriptions or images to explain the problem.
Accoring to the different difficulties observed, in order to propose an enhancement of the actual situation, volunteers proposed possible structural solutions among those more innovative acted in other countries and coherent with the context examinated.
Finally, especially as regards landslide events which, for their nature and speed, block every operation during the emergency, volunteers worked on the research and defintion of an innovative allert system able to manage the inforamtion for the local population and give them tips to be ready in case of emergency.

The contributors

- Valentina Cammarota, Amesci – civil engeneer expert on enviromental politiques
- Fabio Todisco, Geologist
- Giuseppe Coda, ROSS president
- Vincenzo Viola, Association Antares, expert on civil protection and enviromental hazard management
- Maria Rita Aurichhio, Castellammare di Stabia council member in charge of civil protection.
The participants to the Campus
- Daisy Aque, France
- Myriam Aissani, Algeria
- Mara Nilca, Romania
- Immacolata Rolletta, Italy
- Vincenzo Vittozzi, Italy
- Luigi Di Simone, Italy
- Gennaro Russo, Italy
- Emanuele D’Urso, Italy
- Francesco Panico, Italy
- Nunziante Coppola, Italy