Preserving the ecosystem in the village de Zammour - Tunisia

The threat of environmental instability


Agriculture has always been the economic mainstay for the villagers in Zammour. Livestock farming and arboriculture have been practiced according to knowledge and skills passed down from father to son and, have over decades, made them self-sufficient in basic products like olive oil, dried figs and barley, etc. despite the arid and mountainous bioclimatic conditions.

Now, with technological advances and the emergence of new income-earning activities that do not require as much physical effort as farming, most potential, future farmers are leaving the land and the village to live in town and cities. Consequently, farm labour is increasingly rare, fields are not maintained and biodiversity is threatened.
In 2013, the village of Zammour secured funding from the GEF to plant 3000 fruit trees adapted to the local climate and restore 2 surface wells and install 2 submerged pumps. The village now has more than 10,000 fruit trees.

Needs

So as to address these clearly identified problems and consolidate farming knowledge and skills, the association, in consultation with the villagers and the local management committee, decided to prioritise the local ILE Project in Zammour to boost the association’s capacity. It did this by purchasing ploughing, pruning and harvesting equipment for olive groves adapted to small fields as well as renovating an existing building belonging to the association to store the equipment once purchased.

AJZ partners in the local project

  • IRA, for studies and applying research findings; 
  • the CRDA Médenine for technical assistance and awareness-raising;
  • the Zammour Management Committee for coordination between farmers and the local population.

AJZ local project beneficiaries

The village’s farmers are the main beneficiaries of the equipment, particularly those farming small fields. More than 100 farmers are directly concerned by the project.
Technological support has subsequently been introduced into the village, where ploughing is done by animals, or tractors when fields were accessible. The tools purchased for pruning and harvesting olive trees will save a considerable amount of time which will have a direct impact on the quality of the oil and profit margins.

 

A project coordinted by the Association des Jeunes de Zammour (Youth Association of Zammour)